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Zodiac: Sagittarius
Nov 23 - Dec 21
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The Messier Objects

In the 18th century, french astronomer Charles Messier compiled a catalogue of diffuse astronomical objects. This catalogue is known as the Messier Catalogue. Its objects are numbered M1 through M110. The Messier Catalogue is of great practical importance mostly for amateur astronomers, since it contains the most brightest and beautiful deep-sky objects in the night sky. Among them are the famous Andromeda Galaxy (M31) and the well-known Orion Nebula (M42).
M1 (NGC 1952, Crab Nebula)
a supernova remnant in the constellation Bull
Image credit: NASA, ESA, J. Hester and A. Loll (Arizona State University)
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M2 (NGC 7089)
a globular cluster in the constellation Water Carrier
Image credit: NASA/STScI/WikiSky
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M3 (NGC 5272)
a globular cluster in the constellation Hunting Dogs
Image credit: Adam Block/Mount Lemmon SkyCenter/University of Arizona
License: creative commons (cc) Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States

M4 (NGC 6121)
a globular cluster in the constellation Scorpion
Image credit: NASA/STScI/WikiSky
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M5 (NGC 5904)
a globular cluster in the constellation Snake
Image credit: Adam Block/Mount Lemmon SkyCenter/University of Arizona
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M6 (NGC 6405, Butterfly Cluster)
an open cluster in the constellation Scorpion
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M7 (NGC 6475, Ptolemy Cluster)
an open cluster in the constellation Scorpion
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M8 (NGC 6523, Lagoon Nebula)
a diffuse nebula in the constellation Archer
Image credit: NASA
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M9 (NGC 6333)
a globular cluster in the constellation Snake Holder
Image credit: ESA/Hubble, NASA
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M10 (NGC 6254)
a globular cluster in the constellation Snake Holder
Image credit: ESA/NASA
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M11 (NGC 6705, Wild Duck Cluster)
an open cluster in the constellation Shield
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M12 (NGC 6218)
a globular cluster in the constellation Snake Holder
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M13 (NGC 6205, Great Globular Cluster in Hercules)
a globular cluster in the constellation Hercules
Image credit: Adam Block/Sid Leach/Mount Lemmon SkyCenter/University of Arizona
License: creative commons (cc) Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States

M14 (NGC 6402)
a globular cluster in the constellation Snake Holder
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M15 (NGC 7078)
a globular cluster in the constellation Winged Horse
Image credit: ESA, Hubble, NASA
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M16 (NGC 6611, Eagle Nebula)
a diffuse nebula in the constellation Snake
Image credit: Adam Block/Mount Lemmon SkyCenter/University of Arizona
License: creative commons (cc) Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States

M17 (NGC 6618, Lobster Nebula)
a diffuse nebula in the constellation Archer
Image credit: Adam Block/Mount Lemmon SkyCenter/University of Arizona
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M18 (NGC 6613)
an open cluster in the constellation Archer
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M19 (NGC 6273)
a globular cluster in the constellation Snake Holder
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M20 (NGC 6514, Trifid Nebula)
a diffuse nebula in the constellation Archer
Image credit: Adam Block/Mount Lemmon SkyCenter/University of Arizona
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M21 (NGC 6531)
an open cluster in the constellation Archer
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M22 (NGC 6656, Sagittarius Cluster)
a globular cluster in the constellation Archer
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M23 (NGC 6494)
an open cluster in the constellation Archer
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M24 (NGC 4715)
an asterism in the constellation Berenice's Hair
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M25 (NGC 4725)
an open cluster in the constellation Berenice's Hair
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M26 (NGC 6694)
an open cluster in the constellation Shield
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M27 (NGC 6853, Dumbbell Nebula)
a planetary nebula in the constellation Fox
Image credit: NASA and The Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA)
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M28 (NGC 6626)
a globular cluster in the constellation Archer
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M29 (NGC 6913)
an open cluster in the constellation Swan
Image credit: Adam Block/Mount Lemmon SkyCenter/University of Arizona
License: creative commons (cc) Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States

M30 (NGC 7099)
a globular cluster in the constellation Capricorn
Image credit: NASA / ESA
License: creative commons (cc) Attribution 3.0 Unported

M31 (NGC 224, Andromeda Galaxy)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Andromeda
Image credit: NASA, ESA, J. Dalcanton (University of Washington, USA), B. F. Williams (University of Washington, USA), L. C. Johnson (University of Washington, USA), the PHAT team, and R. Gendler.
License: creative commons (cc) Attribution 3.0 Unported

M32 (NGC 221)
a dwarf galaxy in the constellation Andromeda
Image credit: NASA/ESA and Thomas M. Brown, Charles W. Bowers, Randy A. Kimble, AllenV. Sweigart (NASA/ESA Goddard Space Flight Center) and Henry C. Ferguson ( Space Telescope Science Institute)
License: creative commons (cc) Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States

M33 (NGC 598, Triangulum Galaxy)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Triangle
Image credit: ESA/Hubble and NASA
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M34 (NGC 1039)
an open cluster in the constellation Perseus
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M35 (NGC 2168)
an open cluster in the constellation Twins
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M36 (NGC 1960)
an open cluster in the constellation Charioteer
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M37 (NGC 2099)
an open cluster in the constellation Charioteer
Image credit: Adam Block/Mount Lemmon SkyCenter/University of Arizona
License: creative commons (cc) Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States

M38 (NGC 1912)
an open cluster in the constellation Charioteer
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M39 (NGC 7092)
an open cluster in the constellation Swan
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M40 (Winnecke 4)
a double star in the constellation Great Bear
Image credit: Atlas Image obtained as part of the Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS), a joint project of the University of Massachusetts and the Infrared Processing and Analysis Center/California Institute of Technology, funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the National Science Foundation.
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M41 (NGC 2287)
an open cluster in the constellation Big Dog
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M42 (NGC 1976, Orion Nebula)
a diffuse nebula in the constellation Orion
Image credit: Adam Block/Mount Lemmon SkyCenter/University of Arizona
License: creative commons (cc) Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States

M43 (NGC 1982)
a diffuse nebula in the constellation Orion
Image credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA
License: creative commons (cc) Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States

M44 (NGC 2632, Beehive Cluster)
an open cluster in the constellation Cancer
Image credit: Atlas Image [or Atlas Image mosaic] obtained as part of the Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS), a joint project of the University of Massachusetts and the Infrared Processing and Analysis Center/California Institute of Technology, funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the National Science Foundation.
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M45 (NGC 1432, Pleiades)
an open cluster in the constellation Bull
Image credit: STScI and NASA
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M46 (NGC 2437)
an open cluster in the constellation Poop Deck
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M47 (NGC 2422)
an open cluster in the constellation Poop Deck
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M48 (NGC 2548)
an open cluster in the constellation Sea Serpent
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M49 (NGC 4472)
an elliptic galaxy in the constellation Virgin
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M50 (NGC 2323)
an open cluster in the constellation Unicorn
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M51 (NGC 5194, Whirlpool Galaxy)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Hunting Dogs
Image credit: NASA, ESA, S. Beckwith (STScI), and The Hubble Heritage Team STScI/AURA)
License: creative commons (cc) Attribution 3.0 Unported

M52 (NGC 7654)
an open cluster in the constellation Cassiopeia
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M53 (NGC 5024)
a globular cluster in the constellation Berenice's Hair
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M54 (NGC 6715)
a globular cluster in the constellation Archer
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M55 (NGC 6809)
a globular cluster in the constellation Archer
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M56 (NGC 6779)
a globular cluster in the constellation Lyre
Image credit: NASA/STScI/WikiSky
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M57 (NGC 6720, Ring Nebula)
a planetary nebula in the constellation Lyre
Image credit: NASA, ESA, and The Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA).
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M58 (NGC 4579)
a bar galaxy in the constellation Virgin
Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/R. Kennicutt (U. of Ariz./Inst. of Astr., U. of Cambridge) and the SINGS Team
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M59 (NGC 4621)
an elliptic galaxy in the constellation Virgin
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M60 (NGC 4649)
an elliptic galaxy in the constellation Virgin
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M61 (NGC 4303)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Virgin
Image credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA
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M62 (NGC 6266)
a globular cluster in the constellation Snake Holder
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M63 (NGC 5055, Sunflower Galaxy)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Hunting Dogs
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M64 (NGC 4826, Black Eye Galaxy)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Berenice's Hair
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M65 (NGC 3623, Leo Triplet)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Lion
Image credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA
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M66 (NGC 3627, Leo Triplet)
a bar galaxy in the constellation Lion
Image credit: NASA, ESA and the Hubble Heritage (STScI/AURA)-ESA/Hubble Collaboration. Acknowledgement: Davide De Martin and Robert Gendler
License: creative commons (cc) Attribution 3.0 Unported

M67 (NGC 2682)
an open cluster in the constellation Cancer
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M68 (NGC 4590)
a globular cluster in the constellation Sea Serpent
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M69 (NGC 6637)
a globular cluster in the constellation Archer
Image credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA
License: creative commons (cc) Attribution 3.0 Unported

M70 (NGC 6681)
a globular cluster in the constellation Archer
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M71 (NGC 6838)
a globular cluster in the constellation Arrow
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M72 (NGC 6981)
a globular cluster in the constellation Water Carrier
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M73 (NGC 6994)
an asterism in the constellation Water Carrier
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M74 (NGC 628)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Fishes
Image credit: NASA, ESA, and The Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA).
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M75 (NGC 6864)
a globular cluster in the constellation Archer
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M76 (NGC 650, Little Dumbbell Nebula)
a planetary nebula in the constellation Perseus
Image credit: Adam Block/Mount Lemmon SkyCenter/University of Arizona
License: creative commons (cc) Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States

M77 (NGC 1068, Cetus A)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Whale
Image credit: Adam Block/Mount Lemmon SkyCenter/University of Arizona
License: creative commons (cc) Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States

M78 (NGC 2068)
a reflection nebula in the constellation Orion
Image credit: Adam Block/Mount Lemmon SkyCenter/University of Arizona
License: creative commons (cc) Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States

M79 (NGC 1904)
a globular cluster in the constellation Hare
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M80 (NGC 6093)
a globular cluster in the constellation Scorpion
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M81 (NGC 3031)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Great Bear
Image credit: NASA, ESA, A. Zezas (CfA), and A. Filippenko (UC Berkeley) Acknowledgment: Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA) & O. Fox (University of California, Berkeley)
License: creative commons (cc) Attribution 3.0 Unported

M82 (NGC 3034, Cigar Galaxy)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Great Bear
Image credit: NASA, ESA and the Hubble Heritage Team STScI/AURA). Acknowledgment: J. Gallagher (University of Wisconsin), M. Mountain (STScI) and P. Puxley (NSF).
License: creative commons (cc) Attribution 3.0 Unported

M83 (NGC 5236, Southern Pinwheel Galaxy)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Sea Serpent
Image credit: NASA, ESA, and the Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA) Acknowledgement: William Blair (Johns Hopkins University)
License: creative commons (cc) Attribution 3.0 Unported

M84 (NGC 4374)
an elliptic galaxy in the constellation Virgin
Image credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA
License: creative commons (cc) Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States

M85 (NGC 4382)
an elliptic galaxy in the constellation Berenice's Hair
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M86 (NGC 4406)
an elliptic galaxy in the constellation Virgin
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M87 (NGC 4486, Virgo A)
an elliptic galaxy in the constellation Virgin
Image credit: NASA, ESA, and The Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA).
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M88 (NGC 4501)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Berenice's Hair
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M89 (NGC 4552)
an elliptic galaxy in the constellation Virgin
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M90 (NGC 4569)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Virgin
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M91 (NGC 4548)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Berenice's Hair
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M92 (NGC 6341)
a globular cluster in the constellation Hercules
Image credit: Adam Block/Mount Lemmon SkyCenter/University of Arizona
License: creative commons (cc) Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States

M93 (NGC 2447)
an open cluster in the constellation Poop Deck
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M94 (NGC 4736)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Hunting Dogs
Image credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA
License: creative commons (cc) Attribution 3.0 Unported

M95 (NGC 3351)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Lion
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M96 (NGC 3368)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Lion
Image credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA and the LEGUS Team
License: creative commons (cc) Attribution 3.0 Unported

M97 (NGC 3587, Owl Nebula)
a planetary nebula in the constellation Great Bear
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M98 (NGC 4192)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Berenice's Hair
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M99 (NGC 4254)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Berenice's Hair
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M100 (NGC 4321)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Berenice's Hair
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M101 (NGC 5457, Pinwheel Galaxy)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Great Bear
Image credit: European Space Agency & NASA
License: creative commons (cc) Attribution 3.0 Unported

M102 (NGC 5866)
an elliptic galaxy in the constellation Dragon
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M103 (NGC 581)
an open cluster in the constellation Cassiopeia
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M104 (NGC 4594, Sombrero Galaxy)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Virgin
Image credit: NASA/ESA and The Hubble Heritage Team STScI/AURA)
License: creative commons (cc) Attribution 3.0 Unported

M105 (NGC 3379)
an elliptic galaxy in the constellation Lion
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M106 (NGC 4258)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Hunting Dogs
Image credit: NASA, ESA, the Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA), and R. Gendler (for the Hubble Heritage Team). Acknowledgment: J. GaBany
License: creative commons (cc) Attribution 3.0 Unported

M107 (NGC 6171)
a globular cluster in the constellation Snake Holder
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M108 (NGC 3556)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Great Bear
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M109 (NGC 3992)
a spiral galaxy in the constellation Great Bear
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M110 (NGC 205)
an elliptic galaxy in the constellation Andromeda
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